Forging is a manufacturing process that involves the practice of the shaping of metal that uses localized compressive forces. A hammer or a die delivers the blows.
Parts that are forged can vary in weight from as little as less than a kilogram to as heavy as hundreds of metric tons. Smiths have done this process for a long time. Today, it is a significant global industry.
Even with its universal application, not many people know about a lot of things when it comes to forging. There are many things that you can still learn and find out about this manufacturing process.
In this article, we are going to discuss, explain, and talk about several things that we think you need to know about this method of manufacturing, especially when it comes to its uses and types. Here are some of the things that you need to know when it comes to forging:
Forging is used in a wide array of different industries to manufacture metal products. The conventional products that are created using this process of manufacturing are kitchenware, jewelry, hardware, cymbals, edged weapons, and hand tools. Ever since the Industrial Revolution, they are widely used in machines and mechanisms where a component demands high strength.
This manufacturing process is usually categorized according to the temperature at which it is performed. In this article, we will discuss the main kinds of forging, which include cold forging, warm forging, and hot forging. Here are the primary types of this manufacturing process:
Cold forging is a process that deforms a part of raw material plastically that uses high compressive force that is performed between a die and a punch by using proper equipment.
Since cold forging swiftly manufactures net-shaped products from raw materials, there is almost no material that is wasted. On top of that, the high production rates can get up to twenty times quicker when compared to traditional machining. This process also achieves higher product strength by minimizing any weak points in the result.
Warm and Hot Forging
The difference between cold, warm, and hot forging is only the temperature at which they are performed. In the case of cold forging, no heat is applied in the process of manufacturing the desired products. However, when it comes to warm and hot forging, the metal needs to be heated, usually in a forge. The applications of warm and hot forging can be found in a wide array of several different things.